绑卡送18的棋牌游戏


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开关电源科普知识
发布时间:2015.05.09  浏览次数:
 
开关电源就是用通过电路控制开关管进行高速的道通与截止.将直流电转化为高频率的交流电提供给变压器进行变压,从而产生所需要的一组或多组电压!转华为高频交流电的原因是高频交流在变压器变压电路中的效率要比50Hz高很多.所以开关变压器可以做的很小,而且工作时不是很热!成本很低.如果不将50Hz变为高频那开关电源就没有意义。

开关电源大体可以分为隔离和非隔离两种,隔离型的必定有开关变压器,而非隔离的未必一定有。
开关电源的工作原理是:
1.交流电源输入经整流滤波成直流;
2.通过高频PWM(脉冲宽度调制)信号控制开关管,将那个直流加到开关变压器初级上;
3.开关变压器次级感应出高频电压,经整流滤波供给负载;
4.输出部分通过一定的电路反馈给控制电路,控制PWM占空比,以达到稳定输出的目的.

交流电源输入时一般要经过厄流圈一类的东西,过滤掉电网上的干扰,同时也过滤掉电源对电网的干扰;
在功率相同时,开关频率越高,开关变压器的体积就越小,但对开关管的要求就越高;
开关变压器的次级可以有多个绕组或一个绕组有多个抽头,以得到需要的输出;
一般还应该增加一些保护电路,比如空载、短路等保护,否则可能会烧毁开关电源

ATX电源的主要组成部分
EMI滤波电路:EMI滤波电路主要作用是滤除外界电网的高频脉冲对电源的干扰,同时也起到减少开关电源本身对外界的电磁干扰,在优质电源中一般都有两极EMI滤波电路。拥有数千种高科技含量的(AC-DC、DC-DC、DC-AC)高频开关电源、模块电源。

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